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Nuclear power in Canada

Electricity generation
in Canada

Hydroelectric
Nuclear
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Nuclear power in Canada is provided by 19 commercial reactors with a net capacity of 13.5 Gigawatts (GWe), producing a total of 95.6 Terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity, which accounted for 16.6% of the nation’s total electric energy generation in 2015.[1] All but one of these reactors are located in Ontario where they produced 60% of the province’s electricity in 2015 (92.3 TWh).[2] Seven smaller reactors are used for research and to produce radioactive isotopes for nuclear medicine.
Canadian nuclear reactors are a type of pressurized heavy-water reactor of indigenous design, the CANDU. CANDU reactors have been exported to India, Pakistan, Argentina, South Korea, Romania and China.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Experimental reactors
1.2 Nuclear power plants
1.3 Refurbishment or closure
1.4 Planned massive refurbishment

2 New reactor proposals

2.1 Ontario

2.1.1 Bruce site
2.1.2 Darlington site

2.2 Alberta
2.3 Saskatchewan
2.4 New Brunswick
2.5 Other technologies

3 Generation
4 Power reactors

4.1 Active
4.2 Permanently shut down

5 Research reactors
6 Notable accidents

6.1 Chalk River
6.2 Pinawa
6.3 Pickering
6.4 Darlington
6.5 Point Lepreau

7 Fuel cycle

7.1 Uranium mining
7.2 Fuel production
7.3 Waste disposal

7.3.1 Low- and intermediate-level waste
7.3.2 Spent fuel

8 Public opinion

8.1 Anti-nuclear movement

9 See also
10 References
11 Further reading
12 External links

History[edit]
The nuclear industry (as distinct from the uranium industry) in Canada dates back to 1942 when a joint British-Canadian laboratory, the Montreal Laboratory, was set up in Montreal, Quebec, under the administration of the National Research Council of Canada, to develop a design for a heavy-water nuclear reactor. This reactor was called National Research Experimental and would be the most powerful research reactor in the world when completed.
Experimental reactors[edit]

ZEEP (left), NRX (right) and NRU (back) reactors at Chalk River, 1954.

In 1944, approval was given to proceed with the construction of the smaller ZEEP (Zero Energy Experimental Pile) test reactor at Chalk River, Ontario and on September 5, 1945 at 3:45 p.m., the 10-watt ZEEP achieved the first self-sustained nuclear reaction outside the United States.[3]
In 1946, the Montreal Laboratory was closed, and the work continued at the Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories. Building

Updated: 2017년 2월 21일 — 1:10 오후
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