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Šumperk

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Šumperk

Town

The Šumperk overview. High Ash Mountains are situated in background.

Flag

Coat of arms

Country
Czech Republic

Region
Olomouc

District
Šumperk

Commune
Šumperk

River
Desná

Elevation
315 m (1,033 ft)

Coordinates
49°57′55″N 16°58′15″E / 49.96528°N 16.97083°E / 49.96528; 16.97083Coordinates: 49°57′55″N 16°58′15″E / 49.96528°N 16.97083°E / 49.96528; 16.97083

Area
27.91 km2 (10.78 sq mi)

Population
26 697 (2015)

Founded
1269

Mayor
Zdeněk Brož

Timezone
CET (UTC+1)

 - summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)

Postal code
787 01

Location in the Czech Republic

Wikimedia Commons: Šumperk

Statistics: statnisprava.cz

Website: www.musumperk.cz

Šumperk (Czech pronunciation: [ˈʃumpɛrk]; German: Mährisch Schönberg) is a district town in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It is the largest centre of the north of Moravia and, due to its surroundings, is known as “The Gate to Jeseníky mountains.”

Contents

1 Etymology
2 History

2.1 Prehistory, antiquity, Early Middle Ages
2.2 High and Late Middle Ages
2.3 Early modern era
2.4 Industrial era
2.5 Interwar period
2.6 Post-war
2.7 Communist dictature

3 Economy
4 Demography

4.1 History of population numbers

5 Culture

5.1 Institutions
5.2 Festivals

6 Architecture
7 People
8 Partnerships
9 See also
10 References
11 External links

Etymology[edit]
The original German name is a compound of an adjective „schön“ (meaning „beautiful”) and a noun „berg“ (meaning „hill“), later supplemented by a distinguishing adjective Mährisch (= Moravian). The Czech name evolved from a direct phonetic transcription of Schönberg – „Šenberk“ (schön=šen; berg=berk), later „Šumberk“ and finally „Šumperk“. (There are many similarly emerged placenames across the Czech Republic, like Šumbark or Žumberk.)
After the World War II and the expulsion of Germans, there was some effort to give the town a name rooted in Czech origins. The suggestions included more or less direct translations like Krásná Hora or Krásno nad Desnou as well as names unrelated to the original name: e.g. Svobodov, Velenov, and even Jeseník, which was ult

Updated: 2017년 2월 6일 — 12:45 오후
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